*Names in bold indicate Presenter
As described in an earlier report, the program had important effects on a range of outcomes during the first two years. The average family earned over $3,000 per year from the program, substantially reducing material hardship and poverty. The program also had modest, but positive effects in all three domains—leading to improvements in health care use and status, improvements in educational outcomes for students who were in 9th grade at study entry, and small increases in employment, although much of it in jobs not covered by the UI system.
This paper presents 3.5- to 4-year findings from the ongoing and comprehensive evaluation. It presents program’s effects, or “impacts,” on a wide range of outcome measures, including families’ income and material well-being, children’s performance in school, parents’ and children’s health care coverage and use of preventative care, and parents’ employment and training. The paper assesses whether the early gains persisted and whether effects on school progress emerge for elementary and middle-school students. In addition, the findings will provide a first look at effects on certain outcomes post-program, or after the incentives have ended. The findings are based on a wide variety of administrative records data and parent responses to a 42-month survey.