*Names in bold indicate Presenter
This paper fills this lacuna by empirically examining the effectiveness of clean energy and climate policies at the state and local levels in stimulating green jobs creation in cities in four Midwestern states using a longitudinal dataset of cities in four Midwestern states (Ohio, Michigan, Indiana and Minnesota) from 2005 to 2010.
We hypothesize that policy incentives adopted at the state level for renewable energy and energy efficiency, and ICLEI membership at the city level are positively correlated with green job growth in the cities. We also hypothesize that the local government structure plays a role in channeling local economic development, in a way that cities with mayor-council form of government are more inductive to green jobs growth than cities with council-manager form.
The dependent variable is measured as changes in green jobs from 2005 to 2010 in each city. The data were collected from ICLEI, DSIRE, as well as census. OLS regression and Difference-in-Difference (DD) model will be used as the modeling strategies. Preliminary OLS results indicate that state adoption of renewable portfolio standards (RPS) is positively related to local green jobs growth. Specifically, a city located in a state with RPS is expected to have 60.4 percent more green jobs than a city located in a state without RPS, holding other variables constant. The results also lend support for the hypothesized positive impact of ICLEI membership on green jobs. A city with ICLEI membership has 88.25 percent more green jobs than cities without such policies, holding other variables constant. We also find supporting evidence on the relationship between government structure and green job growth. Cities with a government structure of mayor-council have more newly created green jobs than cities with a government structure of council-manager.