*Names in bold indicate Presenter
This paper compares and contrasts the innovation systems that have been used to support clean energy research, development, deployment and dissemination in the United States and in China. It begins by assessing the current political climate for clean energy innovation in a global context, including challenges that American and Chinese industries are currently facing in remaining competitive, and the overall market status of leading Chinese and American firms in key clean energy technologies. It then turns to examining key elements and actors in each system, including who conducts and who funds R&D, and how innovation is incentivized, by mapping institutional actors, funding flows and policy support measures. This top-down assessment of institutions, actors and funding flows is then combined with an in-depth look at several firm-level case studies. The paper examines several notable cases of government support for clean energy innovations in both countries, and analyzes the factors that likely contributed to successes and failures within these cases.
After a comparative assessment of the strengths and weaknesses within the Chinese and the US system, the paper offers recommendations both for improving policy in each country to better support clean energy at various stages of the innovation process, and for improving collaborative innovation that benefits from the respective strengths of both countries.