Displacement and Gentrification: Evidence from England
Friday, November 13, 2015 : 8:50 AM
Ibis (Hyatt Regency Miami)
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
This research uses event history methods to examine residential mobility in England neighborhoods between 2001 and 2011. We use changes in the class composition of the neighborhood to classify neighborhoods as gentrifying, non-gentrifying and advantaged. The hypothesis tested here is whether households in gentrifying neighborhoods have higher rates of residential turnover after controlling for other predictors of mobility. At the national level we find little evidence of higher rates of mobility in gentrifying neighborhoods that would be expected in the case of gentrification induced displacement. In London, however, there is some evidence that disadvantaged households move more frequently in gentrifying neighborhoods, a finding that is consistent with gentrification induced displacement. This finding for London is not robust across different specifications of gentrification. We conclude by discussing the implications of our findings for debates on gentrification and policy.
- Freeman_APPAM_2015.pdf (536.0KB)