Understanding the Effects of High School Dropout from Reason for Dropout
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
This paper finds considerable differences in economic and social outcomes for male and female high school dropouts using factors extracted from lists of reasons for dropout from the NELS and ELS surveys. The outcomes of interest include earned income, employed for pay, ill health prevents employment, number of children, HS/GED completion, receipt of public aid, arrested or know someone arrested (NELS only). Some results were not surprising, like when male dropouts with high factor scores for behavioral problems (expulsion, multiple suspensions) showed higher rates of being incarcerated or knowing someone who’d been incarcerated. Female dropouts with high levels of social alienation (from students and teachers) were more likely to manifest health problems that interfered with their ability to work. Others were unexpected: when controlling for the effect of gender, dropouts with high factor scores for work-related reasons were not likely to be making more money than dropouts who left for other reasons.