How Do People-Based Housing Policies Affect People (and Place)?
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
I focus on four main types of outcomes: (1) neighborhood attainment; (2) education; (3) employment; and (4) health. Neighborhood attainment is the most fundamental outcome to examine—do voucher users live in lower-poverty neighborhoods than project-based assisted housing? Do vouchers allow individuals to move to more advantaged neighborhoods than they could otherwise afford? Education, primarily children’s education, may be affected by the use of housing vouchers through several paths. Vouchers may provide parents the opportunity to live closer to and enroll their children in higher-quality schools. Further, housing assistance may allow parents to divert more economic resources toward educational spending. Employment may be improved by participation in the voucher program if vouchers provide workers with access to areas with more or higher-quality jobs. Finally, health may be affected if vouchers provide opportunities to live in higher-quality neighborhoods with amenities that facilitate health, e.g., fewer stressors, more opportunity for outdoor exercise, or greater proximity to healthy grocery options. In addition to these main classes of outcomes, I also consider the more limited evidence on several other outcomes, including criminality.