Disability As a Risk Factor for Food Insecurity, Comparing Estimates from the CPS and NHIS
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
In the CPS, disability is measured with a set of six standard questions now included in numerous Federal surveys. These six questions enable the identification of persons with specific types of disabilities, including physical, cognitive, vision, hearing, self-care, and going-outside-home (difficulty doing errands alone because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition) disabilities. The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) includes these six standard questions about disability and also identifies other health limitations and conditions. This research will examine the relationship between food insecurity and disability in the NHIS. The NHIS provides more detailed information on the characteristics of those with disabilities including duration of disability, types of limitations, diagnosis of chronic disease or other impairments, and healthcare utilization. Thus, this research will expand on prior research using the CPS-FSS with a more detailed analysis of health factors related to food insecurity and disability.
This research will compare the relationship between food security and disability in the CPS-FSS and NHIS and will compare different indicators of disability in the NHIS. Multivariate models will examine the correlates of food insecurity among persons with disabilities in the NHIS. The analysis will utilize CPS-FSS and NHIS data from 2013 and 2014. Both the FSS and NHIS include measures of food insecurity among household adults in the 30 days prior to the survey.
Coleman-Jensen, A. and M. Nord. 2013. Food Insecurity Among Households With Working-Age Adults with Disabilities. Economic Research Report Number 144. Washington, DC, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Available at: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/err-economic-research-report/err144.aspx