Heterogeneity of Child Well-Being in Families Experiencing Homelessness: Do Housing Interventions Influence Profiles of Risk and Resiliency?
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
Results from the latent class analysis indicates heterogeneity in child functioning and that a two-class model best fit the data for both children age 8 to 12 and 13 to 17. Two-thirds of children in both age groups were identified as displaying similar profiles of resilience across all domains. One-third of children in each age group displayed elevated risk, particularly for mental health challenges, peer relationships, and below-average self-efficacy. Children age 13 to 17 in the higher risk group also displayed greatly elevated educational risks and challenges with substance use and police involvement.
Preliminary non-experimental analysis suggests that housing stability was not associated with children belonging to the resilient class. However, stronger family routines and a vigilant parenting style were associated with increased probability of children being in the resilient class. For children age 8 to 12, more chaotic home environments and more challenging parenting environment were associated with decreased probability of a child belonging to the resilient class. Initial findings suggest that many children in families that have experienced homelessness are resilient. Age-based differences in risk profiles and influence of parenting and home environment on resilience indicate the need for developmentally sensitive interventions. Final results will report the extent to which resilience was associated with assignment to experimental interventions and to what extent the influence of the housing and service interventions was exerted through changes in housing stability relative to influence on family routines, parenting style, and home environment.