Does Green Job Creation Really Happen?: Analyzing the Role of State Clean Energy Policies Focusing on Industrial Combined Heat and Power
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
This research aims to examine the relationship between state governments’ activities on energy efficiency policy implementation and firms’ adoption of CHP technologies, and the subsequent impact on employment opportunities. We develop an empirical method for tracking historical changes on CHP generation and examine the relationship between those changes and energy efficiency and renewable energy policies that support CHP deployment. We first identify types of state CHP policy instruments, following the framework of types of pollution policy instruments defined by Goulder and Parry (2008), and score states by the intensity of those policy implementations. Second, we investigate regional differentiations of the characteristics of CHP generation by state. Third, we examine the relationship between two. We assume that industries are more likely to adopt innovative technologies where the state government provides strong clean energy policy instruments. In addition, we extend the existing literature, focusing on green jobs, by developing a theoretical framework to converge two fields—economic development planning and energy planning. Within this framework, we demonstrate how EBED has been embedded in reality, how firms act along with clean energy policies, and why green jobs could be a source of economic development.
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