Static or Dynamic?: Identifying Longitudinal Patterns of Nonparental Child Care Participation during Nonstandard Hours Using the ECLS-B
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
Using panel data from the Birth cohort of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-B), this paper examines how children participate in nonstandard child care from birth through kindergarten entry. The exploration of longitudinal nonstandard child care participation includes (1) identifying common patterns and durations of participation and (2) employing time-to-event analysis to isolate child and parent characteristics associated with protracted spells of participation. Findings suggest that the most common age of entry into nonstandard child care is at 9 months and least common is 3 years. Half of all participants are in care for 1 spell; approximately one-third have volatility in participation. Children who reside with older, married, high-skilled parents are the least likely to participate in nonstandard child care from 9 months of age until kindergarten entry.
This study additionally examines the relationship between participation in nonstandard child care and various measures of child well-being reported in the ECLS-B. Preliminary estimates indicate that participation in nonstandard child care for 3 spells or more is associated with lower reading and math scale scores measured at kindergarten entry, higher BMI placement, higher probability of receiving special education services in school or child care settings, decreased kindergarten readiness scale scores, and decreased social competencies.
Findings from this study have important policy implications for nonstandard child care providers and organizations that employ workers during nonstandard hours. Policy implications are compounded by the growing number of parents working nonstandard hours following the Great Recession.