National R&D Programs and Innovation in Catching-up Country: A Case Study on China's 863 Program
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
In this paper, we examine the policy process of the 863 Program and how it has promoted the innovation in the power sector in China. Based on review of policy documents and in-depth interviews with government officials and representatives from solar and wind turbine manufacturing companies, we analyze how the policy process interacts with industrial innovation in solar and wind sectors in China. We first illustrate the policy processes of the 863 Program and the roles of key actors involved in each stage, including the priority setting, project decision making, management and assessment. Then we analyze how the priority has evolved in 863 program and how this evlolution set the objectives and relevant priorities in the power sector to drive the innovation for solar and wind technologies.
From our case study, we find that the 863 Program is effective in promoting the catch-up in China's energy sector. We conclude that the national S&T programs such as the 863 Program have played an effective role in the national innovation system in four aspects: strategic decision-making in sicence and technology, identification and continous supports to the key generic leading technologies, interconnection between technology and domestic market, network building to mobilize avaiable key resouces.