Indiana University SPEA Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy University of Pennsylvania AIR American University

Panel: New Evidence for the Fetal Origins Hypotheses
(Health Policy)

Thursday, November 12, 2015: 1:45 PM-3:15 PM
Tuttle Prefunction (Hyatt Regency Miami)

*Names in bold indicate Presenter

Panel Organizers:  David Slusky, University of Kansas
Panel Chairs:  Elaine Hill, University of Rochester
Discussants:  Laura Wherry, University of California, Los Angeles and Emilia Simeonova, Johns Hopkins University

The Effect of Urban Empowerment Zones on Fertility and Health
Daniel S Grossman, West Virginia University

What Explains Recent Improvements in Infant Health?
Melanie Guldi, University of Central Florida and Kasey Buckles, University of Notre Dame

Oil and Gas Development and Infant Health in Colorado
Elaine Hill, University of Rochester

Second Trimester Sunlight and Asthma: Evidence from Two Independent Studies
David Slusky, University of Kansas, Richard Zeckhauser, Harvard University and Nils Wernerfelt, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

This panel presents four new papers that support the fetal origins hypothesis. The authors examine changes in utero exposure to to sunlight, fossil fuel extraction, medical practice, cigarettes, and increase government spending on infrastructure improvements and business tax credits. They find statistically significant impacts of these environmental factors on broad measure such as birth weight and premature birth as well as narrow ones such as asthma prevalence and exacerbation. All of the findings are new robust evidence for David Barker's famous hypothesis that fetal conditions have an enormous effect on infant and child health.
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