Indiana University SPEA Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy University of Pennsylvania AIR American University

Panel: Evaluating Impacts of Solid Fuel Use on Air Pollution, Climate and Health in Developing Countries
(Natural Resource Security, Energy and Environmental Policy)

Friday, November 13, 2015: 1:30 PM-3:00 PM
Gautier (Hyatt Regency Miami)

*Names in bold indicate Presenter

Panel Organizers:  Jessica Lewis, Duke University
Panel Chairs:  Marc Jeuland, Duke University
Discussants:  Jennifer Orgill, Duke University

The Environmental and Health Impacts of Transboundary Air Pollution from China to the U.S
Nicole Ngo, University of Oregon, Xiaojia Bao, Xiamen University and Nan Zhong, Columbia University

Getting the Numbers Right: Revisiting Woodfuel Sustainability in the Developing World
Rob Bailis1, Yiting Wang1, Adrian Ghilardi2, Rudi Drigo3 and Omar Masera2, (1)Yale University, (2)National Autonomous University of Mexico, (3)Independent

Impacts of Improved Cookstove Adoption on Fuel Use in India
Marc Jeuland, Jessica Lewis and Subhrendu Pattanayak, Duke University

Household Air Pollution and Health Outcomes in Malawi: What Scope for Interventions to Reduce Exposure?
Ipsita Das, Pamela Jagger and Karin Yeatts, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Across the world, billions of people rely on solid fuel such as wood for cooking and heating. The use of these solid fuels can contribute to deforestation, degredation and climate change. Burning these solid fuels releases harmful levels of air pollution in and around households that can lead to adverse health impacts such as cardiovascular and respiratory disease. In recent years, national governments, the international development community, and NGOs have implemented a wide range of policies and projects to distribute cleaner burning stoves, and also develop mechanisms for funding woodfuel- and stove-based interventions through climate the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and voluntary carbon markets. In this panel, we evaluate projects and policies linked to solid fuel reduction. The first paper compares estimates for carbon offset reductions from woodfuel sustainability projects in a pan-tropical study. The second paper analyzes the quantitative impact of improved stove use on household air pollution and fuel use in a sample from India. The third paper explores impact of stove and fuel use on a detailed set of respiratory and cardiovascular outcomes in a sample from rural and urban Malawi. Drawing on a range of methods, these papers produce the kind of research that is needed to inform program and policy design, investigating policies and programs across a diverse set of developing countries.