How Does Intra-Governmental Competition Among City Agencies Influence Inter-Organizational Collaboration in Sustainability Initiatives?
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
While this might hold in exclusively horizontal relationships across organizations, local governance is vertically, horizontally, and functionally fragmented in the United States. Even at a horizontal level, competition and collaboration among local governments coexist, and they quite often complement and even enhance each other. In public goods markets, competition among service producers may enhance the quality of services and facilitate cooperation among service delivery units due to the self-regulating nature of market competition. Competition can also be a motivator for creating new government boundaries for the purpose of mitigating the risks of collective action. Also, the engagement of civil society and the vitality of local governance may sometimes be facilitated by competition between the distinctive types of service units.
Competition among agencies within a government not only influences organizational outcomes, it may influence city collaboration with external actors. Intra-organizational competition can reduce transaction and coordination costs within the organization. It may also incentivize collaboration to achieve efficiency gains and send clear signals of commitment to potential collaborators.
This paper investigates these relationships in the context of local sustainability using data from the 2015/2016 Integrated City Sustainability Survey. The survey measures perceptions of competition among functional agencies related to sustainability and collaborative relationships with other local governments and nonprofit organizations. The finding of this research will contribute to our understanding of how competition may reduce the transaction costs associated with collaborations between principal governmental delivery departments and external organizations in local governments, potentially leading to more effective collaborative arrangements for service delivery.
- K and F. APPAM2016_Oct27.pdf (1393.9KB)