Does Regulation Induce Homogenization? a School Fixed-Effects Analysis of Three Voucher Programs in the United States
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
We find that upon switching into school voucher programs, private schools in heavily regulated programs are more likely to identify as less specialized than they were prior to entering the program, and that those schools in more lightly regulated environments continue to highlight their specialized approach to education. Additionally, we find that schools in highly regulated voucher environments are more likely to identify as a regular education school. These findings are examined within an institutional theory framework to understand the potential homogenizing effect of regulations on the diversity of the private school market.