Marital Norms and Women's Education
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
When looking at the effect within nationalities, low-skill exporting nationalities saw a reduction in their women's graduation rates by about 3%, whereas high-skill exporting nationalities saw an increase in their women's graduation rates by 8-10% relative to foreign-born women in the same nationalities in the U.S. The elasticity of the effect is larger for women who identify themselves with nationalities known to be more patriarchic according to the World Values Survey.
To explain the above results I develop a model of pre-marital investments in education. In the model agents' utility is a function of labor market returns and marriage market returns to education. Due to society's preference that women marry up, the model explains that women experience lower utility from getting 'too much' education because of a lower probability of finding a preferred partner. When there are more highly educated men around, women respond by increasing their education. The model also predicts that high-skill women will be less affected by the change in men's education than low-skill women.