*Names in bold indicate Presenter
In an effort to evaluate the broader effects of IMPACT on student achievement, we pursue a differences-in-differences identification strategy that compares achievement in DCPS schools before and after the implementation of IMPACT with the contemporaneous changes in achievement in three different comparison groups of non-DCPS schools. Here, the relevant treatment contrast turns on the summative effect of DCPS reforms implemented during the IMPACT era (e.g., teacher evaluation and pay, school and district leadership and climate). Our analysis will effectively compare the pre/post-reform changes in DCPS to the contemporaneous changes observed in: (1) student-level data from DCPS and DC charter schools, (2) school-level data DCPS and Baltimore City and Prince Georges County public schools in Maryland, and (3) district-level NAEP data available over several years for DCPS and other districts participating in the Trial Urban District Assessments (TUDA). Each of these potential comparison groups has limitations as an appropriate counterfactual. However, these limitations differ across comparison groups. In combination, these results provide a robust examination of IMPACT and DCPS reforms by leveraging different treatment contrasts across alternative data sources.
Dee, T., & Wyckoff, J. (2013). Incentives, selection, and teacher performance: Evidence from IMPACT (Working Paper No. w19529). Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Fryer, R. (2013). “Teacher Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence form New York City Public Schools,” Journal of Labor Economics 31(2): 373-427.
Glazerman, S. & Seifullah, A. (2012). An Evaluation of the Chicago Teacher Advancement Program (Chicago TAP) After Four Years. Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research.
Murnane, R. J., & Cohen, D. K. (1986). Merit pay and the evaluation problem: Why most merit pay plans fail and a few survive. Harvard educational review,56(1), 1-18.
Springer, M. G., Ballou, D., Hamilton, L., Le, V. N., Lockwood, J. R., McCaffrey, D. F., Pepper, M., & Stecher, B. M. (2010). Teacher Pay for Performance: Experimental Evidence from the Project on Incentives in Teaching (POINT). Nashville, TN: National Center on Performance Incentives at Vanderbilt University