Exploring the Unintended Consequences of Accountability on Teacher Diversity
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to explore whether the observed trends in the decrease of teacher diversity are due to strengthened accountability measures, and in particular the implementation of No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top, which both contain significant provisions regarding teacher quality.
We are presented with two points in time in which we can explore whether trends in teacher diversity are disrupted or changed by outside reforms. We can use state by state variation in the strength of accountability policies to explore whether increased accountability impacts teacher diversity by using a difference-in-difference identification strategy. This paper develops a teacher disproportionality measure (based on state demographic data) and uses the implementation of No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top as exogenous policy changes. The goal is to identify whether there are changes in representation, and then better understand the factors associated with any observed changes, particularly as they may or may not be related to accountability schemes. There is state-by-state variation in the intensity of accountability as well as Race to the Top receipt.
1) What are the trends in the diversity of the teaching workforce at various levels?
2) Can using state differences in strength of accountability policies and implementation of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and Race to the Top (RTT) status help to explain observed patterns in the percentage of black and Hispanic teachers?
This paper analyzes data from a large-scale nationally representative survey of teachers, schools, and districts, the Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). The SASS is a dataset provided by the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES) that provides a wealth of information on teacher demographics and school/ district characteristics.