Promises Fulfilled? Estimating the Academic Effects of Promise Programs
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
In this review, we look at studies measuring the impact of a place-based scholarship on at least one of the following outcome measures: 1) high school graduation; 2) high school academic performance; 3) college attendance; 4) college retention/graduation; 5) school enrollment or city population growth; and 6) housing prices.
Further, we examine the universe of currently operating promise programs, and do not exclude studies of promise programs based on the program’s characteristics. However, we are particularly interested in any differential effects of promise programs based on their specific characteristics. For that reason, we conduct subgroup analyses to compare universal promise programs to need-based and merit-based promise programs, programs that cover any post-secondary institutions to those that cover only a small group of public institutions, and programs that include college GPA requirements to those that do not.
Using meta-analytic techniques to estimate an effect size for each of our outcomes of interest: high school graduation rates, high school academic performance, college enrollment, college retention, and college graduation, we are able to delineate the characteristics of promise programs that make them more or less effective, and for which students they have the greatest effects, providing greater clarity on the academic impacts of promise programs on the students in the areas covered by promise programs.