The Effects of the CTSA Program on Academic Innovation and Performance
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
The project retrieved data from UIC grant submission system and CCTS administration records, including CCTS service usage (policy intervention), PI/CoPI, grant proposal collaboration networks (two-mode networks), and grant awards. The final sample of this project is 408 biomedical scientists who have submitted grant proposals between 2005 and 2012 at UIC. The project compared two time periods, 2005-2008 (t1) and 2009-2012 (t2), to understand how the CTSA program (2008) affects academic innovation and performance. The difference-in-difference estimator was used to examine whether the CTSA program can make significant differences between t1 and t2. The results indicate that the CTSA program significantly contributes to academic innovation. The CCTS users (vs. non-CCTS users) with large collaboration size will have higher academic innovation.
Since the CTSA policy intervention has a positive effect on academic innovation, this project suggests that NIH should continue to implement the CTSA program to facilitate academic innovation. Moreover, this project utilized social capital theory to explain the effect of scientific collaboration on academic innovation and performance. The results supported the theory suggesting that a scientist who has larger network size will have more grant proposal submission. Hence, this project suggests that (1) NIH should encourage scientists to form a research team in the process of grant proposal submission, though there might be communication costs for collaboration. (2) NIH should allocate funds to explore the ideal types and properties of scientific collaboration in different research fields. The findings can help scientists understand what collaboration types can effectively improve their academic innovation.