Baby's Gone: The Effects of Increased Sentencing Severity on Fertility and Family Formation
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
Although incarcerated men are physically separated from their communities, their absence can still affect the people they left behind. To understand these effects, I use an “intensity of treatment” methodological approach based in pre-period rates of prison entry. Preliminary results show that women in partner markets (defined by age, race, and county) more at risk to see male incarceration increase after the passage of the 1994 Act have decreased fertility rates, particularly for black women under age 30. I also find a change in the composition of mothers observed giving birth -- they are on average older and less likely to have dropped out of high school. I plan to extend this analysis to other aspects of family formation using recently acquired microdata on marriages and divorces in North Carolina.