Panel: Globalizing the Clean Energy Transition – Implications for National and International Public Policy
(Natural Resource, Energy, and Environmental Policy)

Thursday, November 8, 2018: 10:15 AM-11:45 AM
Jackson - Mezz Level (Marriott Wardman Park)

*Names in bold indicate Presenter

Panel Chairs:  Elizabeth Wilson, Dartmouth College
Discussants:  Joanna Lewis, Georgetown University and Michael Davidson, Harvard University

Wind Energy Technology Innovation in the Manufacturing Global Value Chain: Exploring the Impact of Internationalization of Component Suppliers on Innovation
Kavita Surana1, Claudia Doblinger2, Nathan Hultman1 and Laura Diaz Anadon3, (1)University of Maryland, College Park, (2)University of Regensburg, (3)Cambridge University

The Environmental Integrity of Renewable Energy Carbon Offsets in China's Cap and Trade System
Gabriel Chan, University of Minnesota and Joern Huenteler, The World Bank

Leveraging Private Investment to Increase the Deployment of Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: Evidence from Uganda
Benedict Probst1, Lotte Westermann2, Laura Diaz Anadon1 and Andreas Kontoleon3, (1)Cambridge University, (2)Kreditanstalt fuer Wiederaufbau, (3)University of Cambridge

The energy sector is the largest contributor to anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions. Hence, in order to mitigate climate change, a fast technological transition towards clean, low-carbon energy technologies is needed. Given that the majority of carbon dioxide emissions and emissions growth occur in non-OECD countries, this transition has to be global. Due to the many market-failures involved in technological transitions – particularly in the energy sector – policy intervention is necessary. Under the bottom-up architecture of the United Nations’ (UN) Paris Agreement to address anthropogenic climate change, policy intervention at the national and sub-national scale is expected to be the main driver of change. At the same time, multilateral institutions, such as the UN or the World Bank and internationally-oriented domestic institutions (such as foreign affairs or international aid agencies) can support national policy making and technology adoption in non-OECD countries through the provision of technical, financial, and institutional assistance.

By providing new empirical evidence and analytical frameworks, this panel aims to inform decision makers at national and international levels on how to spur the clean energy transition globally. It thus contributes to the conference theme Evidence for Action: Encouraging Innovation and Improvement. The papers in the panel provide global and national analysis, focusing on three key areas of the energy transition: environmental integrity, technological innovation, and finance. The first paper takes a global perspective on innovation across the value chain of wind power, informing national and international policy goals with respect to the relationship between value chain internationalization and domestic technology innovation. The second paper focuses on China and the integration of renewable energy finance and climate policy through the use of carbon offsets, informing the design of the country’s emissions trading system, the largest in the world. The third paper focuses on a new international renewable energy financing scheme and its environmental, local development, and co-financing outcomes in Uganda. The fourth and final paper provides new data on the role of multi-lateral development banks (such as the Inter-American Development Bank or the World Bank Group) in financing low- and high-carbon energy projects.

While all presenters are academics, they also act as policy practitioners and advisors, e.g., having worked as consultants for the UN, the World Bank, or the OECD, as experts in the UK Innovation Caucus, or as IPCC lead authors. The session chair works as an Energy Specialist at the World Bank.