Can’t Drive Today? an Analysis of the Impact of Driving Restrictions and Air-Quality on Bike-Share Ridership in Mexico City
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
Driving restrictions in Mexico City are doubled when ambient air pollution exceeds national standards, facilitating a natural experiment on the effectiveness of the bikeshare system as a component of metropolitan transportation infrastructure. This research analyzes the effect that the increased driving restrictions implemented on high pollution days have on rider behavior, taking advantage of a series of high-pollution days that took place between 2016-2017. The main research question is: how does ecobici ridership change when driving is restricted?
This research provides the first analysis of the effects of driving restrictions on the overall ridership of a bikeshare system, showing that bikeshare can be a critical partner in local transportation infrastructure. Results indicate that high pollution days exhibit similar bikeshare use to regular days for non-peak traffic hours but significantly increase ridership during peak traffic hours when travel demand is inelastic. Additionally, the analysis shows that bikeshare seems to be acting as a facilitator of modal integration, regardless of the stringency of driving restrictions. This paper is the first to focus on how a bikeshare system interacts with another transportation policy aimed to reduce emissions and private driving.
- APPAM_de_Buen.pdf (742.3KB)