Panel Paper: Beyond CCTs: Evidence and Challenges from a Political-Economy Perspective

Saturday, November 8, 2014 : 10:15 AM
Santa Ana (Convention Center)

*Names in bold indicate Presenter

Claudia Maldonado, CLEAR Center for Latín America
In 1997 México launched its pioneering CCT program as an example of policy reform anchored in rigorous evidence. Progresa had an built-in randomized control trial to assess its impacts, which greatly contributed to: 1) policy survival across the polítical and electoral cycle; 2) program expansion driven by proven effectiveness; 3) worldwide emulation and diffusion; and 4) a significant contribution to the development of evaluation institutions in México. Paradoxically, the pioneering CCT of the 1990s has been slow to reform in reponse to key challenges of CCT programs: program graduation, social and economic inclusion, and the specific challenges of urban poverty. This paper offers an political-economy explanation of this feature and sheds some light on the evidence base that should become a part of the social policy debate for CCTS in the future.