The Effect of Stop and Frisk on Student Test Scores
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
There has been significant attention paid to the over-policing of neighborhoods in both the scholarly and popular press. SQF—ubiquitous in many neighborhoods—has been shown to have a disproportionate effect on residents and communities of color, constituting a “chronic stressor” for adults who live in neighborhoods that experience heavy use of the tactic. There are psychological and health impacts associated with direct and indirect contact with the criminal justice system, and with being a member of a targeted minority while living in a neighborhood with high levels of SQF activity.
Just as violence in neighborhoods is associated with negative impacts on children’s test scores and neighborhood stressors have been shown to effect sleep and stress levels, thereby, potentially impacting academic achievement, we hypothesize that the stress associated with higher levels of SQF in a child’s neighborhood of residence net of crime will be associated with academic outcomes of interest. We explore the extent to which SQF volume net of crime in students’ residential neighborhoods and in the areas surrounding their schools predicts attendance rates and test scores. We pair publicly available data on SQF and crime with student-level demographic and residential data, attendance records, and test scores to explore the relationships between SQF and student-level outcomes. We then estimate the aggregate effects of racially- and spatially-disproportionate policing practices on observed racial disparities in educational outcomes.