The Labor Market Experience of Older Workers Who Were Denied SSDI on the Basis of Vocational Factors
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
We use data from the Health and Retirement Study linked to Social Security administrative records (the 831 file and Summary Earnings Record) to compare characteristics and outcomes for workers who were denied SSDI on the basis of vocational factors to those who were allowed benefits on that basis. We compare the two groups in terms of their education, work experience, and job attributes before they applied for SSDI. For those who were rejected on the basis of vocational factors, we also assess changes in their employment and occupational attributes before and after their SSDI application. We use data from the Occupational Information Network to derive occupational attributes. Following the approach of Johnson (2007), we create 14 summary job attribute measures. We compare the distribution of the pre- and post- determination job demands of denied applicants. Results from this study shed light on the well-being of older workers with disabilities who were found to be able to engage in SGA. The results also have implications for the use of vocational factors in the SSDI eligibility determination process.