The Consequences of Reforms Governing Criminal History Access
(Crime and Drugs)
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
Using new data and measurements, this session aims to provide employers and the general public with new evidence-based information about ex-offender productivity and to study the consequences of recent reforms across the country in employer access to criminal history. The first paper uses a proprietary dataset provided by a hiring consultancy and examines firm-level hiring practices and worker-level performance outcomes. The findings of the paper debunk the misperception of many employers about ex-offenders’ job performance. The paper lays groundwork for governments designing successful remedial strategies. The second paper uses a unique large confidential dataset linking individuals’ criminal records with their unemployment insurance quarterly wage records and examines the impact of the Massachusetts Criminal Offender Record Information Reform, which changed employers’ access to applicants’ criminal histories, on ex-offenders’ employment and earnings. The third paper uses nationally-representative longitudinal data along with quasi-experimental methods to identify the impact of public sector Ban the Box policies on the probability of public sector employment of convicted individuals and young low-skilled minority males. The last paper examines the effects of state, county, and city Ban the Box laws on crime.