Mexican Immigration to the United States
(Population and Migration Issues)
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
Elizabeth Casio and Ethan Lewis (both of Dartmouth College) study the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) to understand how granting legal status to previously undocumented immigrants affects participation in the Earned Income Tax Credit, Food Stamps, and state tax receipts. An especially noteworthy aspect of this research is that there is so little follow-up data on those legalized under IRCA. The authors develop an approach to circumvent this limitation and estimate individual-level impacts.
Shalise Ayromloo, Benjamin Feigenberg, and Darren Lubotsky (all of the University of Illinois at Chicago) study state E-Verify mandates, which require some or all employers in a state to verify a potential employee’s ability to work in the United States, on immigrants’ employment and location choices. Their work is the first to use administrative data on E-Verify usage at the county level, which they combine with survey data from the American Community Survey and administrative employment records from the Quarterly Workforce Indicators file.
Maria Esther Caballero (Carnegie Mellon), Brian C. Cadena (University of Colorado), Brian K. Kovak (Carnegie Mellon) first show how to use administrative data from the Matrícula Consular de Alta Seguridad (MCAS) identification card program in Mexico to measure local migration networks. They then use the networks they uncover to estimate the effect of Arizona’s Legal Arizona Workers Act (an early state E-Verify law) on emigration and labor markets in particular places in Mexico.
Finally, Aaron Chalfin (a criminologist at the University of Pennsylvania) and Monica Deza (University of Texas at Dallas) study the same Legal Arizona Workers Act to understand the effect of immigration, especially undocumented immigration, on crime.