Determinants of and Policy Options for Reducing Racial/Ethnic Achievement Gaps Across the U.S.
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
The first two papers, “Something in the Water? The Role of Lead Contamination in Educational Disparities” and “The Impact of Full-day Kindergarten on Achievement Gaps,” examine the early determinants of disparities in academic achievement. As much of the black-white and Hispanic-white achievement gaps appear at the beginning of students’ schooling careers, understanding the role of early policy interventions is of vital importance. The first paper matches data from SEDA with data on children’s blood lead levels – as well as information on lead hazard control grants – to investigate the impacts of lead poisoning prevention on student test scores and achievement gaps. The second paper uses variation in the implementation of full-day Kindergarten across states and over time to examine the impacts of access to full-day Kindergarten on student test scores and achievement gaps.
The third and fourth papers, “Crime and Inequality in Academic Achievement across School Districts in the United States” and “Immigration Enforcement Policy and Hispanic-White Achievement Gaps,” both examine the role that community stress may play in academic achievement. The third paper investigates the effects of violent and property crime on student achievement, as well as on the black-white and Hispanic-white achievement gaps. The fourth paper examines the effects of recent increases in immigration enforcement in the U.S. interior on Hispanic-white achievement gaps by using staggered implementation of partnerships between local law enforcement and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).