Immigration Enforcement Governance: Detention Facility Performance in an Intergovernmental and Inter-Sectoral Context
*Names in bold indicate Presenter
The current study aims to examine 256 ICE detention facilities, their institutional contexts, and their performance based on a range of criteria. Publicly available data on facilities’ formal evaluation ratings, violent incidents, and inmate grievances between 2002 and 2012 will be analyzed, supplemented with a qualitative inquiry through in-depth interviews with relevant actors in a small number of states to gain further perspective on detention practices. We hope to contribute through this research in two ways. First, we will assess whether and how performance differs across governance arrangements. Second, we will identify a range of factors that explain detention facility performance. In addition to the roles of facility type and sector, our analysis will examine the impacts of staff and inmate demography (as delineated in representative bureaucracy theory), the complexity and type of contracting arrangements (direct vs. through local government), and other variables derived from literatures on government contracting, street-level and representative bureaucracy, and performance management.